Topic Area H:
Transport in Developing and Emerging Countries

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TAM: Binyam Reja*

Transport in Developing and Emerging Countries (Topic H) deals with the unique challenges developing countries face in planning, financing, developing, maintaining and operating their transport infrastructure and services, especially with issues related to institutional governance, sustainable financing, rapid urbanization, rural-urban integration and regional disparities, and environmental sustainability. The subjects covered in this Topic Area include: (H1) Institutions, Governance and Capacity Building; (H2) Planning, Financing, Socio-economic Impact Evaluation; (H3) Infrastructure Operation and Traffic Management; (H4) Regional and Interregional Transport; and (H5) Urban Transport

Session Tracks:

  1. H1: Institutions, Governance and Capacity Building (Antti Talvitie)*
    This session track has the broad aim of fostering studies, policies and practices to achieve financial, social equity, and environmental sustainability in the transport sector in developing and emerging countries. To this end it is concerned with the institutional capacity, and governance structures in the developing and transition economies. Issues relating to the stability and organization of the transport administrations and agencies; capacity building in both government and private entities in the transport sector; transport policy and decision-making practices; guidelines for the analysis of infrastructure investments; pricing of infrastructure services; private sector participation in service delivery; and, effects of decentralization, transparency and equity on the transport sector. Studies related to incentive structures and corruption in decision-making are also relevant.

    H2: Planning, Financing, Socio-economic Impact Evaluation (Binyam Reja)*
    This session track is concerned with multi-disciplinary studies involving planning, financing, and impact evaluation in developing and emerging countries. The Planning aspects will study how well transport infrastructure plans are integrated with overall urban and national plans, as well as the economic plans. The financing aspect will study innovative financing and funding issues in transportation including, road funds, cost-recovery from users, public private partnership, and local government finance, including fiscal decentralization. The impact evaluation aspect of Session Track H2 will cover ex ante and ex post evaluations of transport projects to assess their impact on and contribution to social and economic development.

    H3: Infrastructure Operation and Traffic Management (Ashish Verma and Vu Anh Tuan)*
    This session track will focus on issues of infrastructure operation and traffic management in developing economies. It is a well-known and established fact that traffic behaviour and characteristics in developing economies are fundamentally different from those in developed economies, especially in terms of heterogeneity, non-lane based traffic, little or no segregation, driver behaviour etc. This requires fundamentally different theories and approaches to tackle infrastructure operations and traffic management, including those related to traffic theory and modelling, traffic control and management, traffic network analysis, safety analysis and policy, intelligent transport systems (ITS), highway capacity analysis, parking policy and management, road geometry and traffic flow, travel demand management, non-motorized transport infrastructure operation, and public transport operation and management. This session track will be organised in close cooperation with Topic Area C.

    H4: Regional and Interregional Transport (Meng Li and Shinya Hanaoka)*
    The topic of regional transport in developing and emerging countries is to study the fundamental issues in planning, design and management of transport systems in order to promote the connectivity within the regions of metropolitan areas or city clusters. The topic of interregional transport is to deal with the connectivity issues in a larger area through the channels of surface transport, regular and high-speed rail, air and sea transport. The rapid urbanization in many developing countries over the past tens of years has been accompanied by high levels of concentration of the urban population in large cities. However, the excessive concentration caused popular urban problems, including traffic accidents, air and water pollution, and time lost during long commutes. The current trend of urbanization is to form metropolitan areas with multiple city sub-centres or satellite cities.

    H5: Urban Transport (Kazuaki Miyamoto and Varameth Vichiensan)*
    Efficient and affordable urban transport and mobility for all are of prime importance for the developing world. As the economic and land-use characteristics of urban areas in developing countries are often very different from those prevailing in industrialized countries, new and appropriate transport planning, engineering and management approaches are required. Session Track H5 covers comprehensive topics that include, but not limit to, the technical, legal, financial, as well as the institutional frameworks of urban transport in developing countries. It is operated by SIG H5 (formerly SIG 7) being one of the oldest SIGs, and it is a joint activity of WCTRS with CODATU (Coopération pour le Développement et l’Amélioration des Transport Urbains et Périurbains). The mission of CODATU is capacity building in the fields of urban transport and mobility in developing countries.

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